Top 8 policies affecting the automotive industry i

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Eight policies affecting the automotive industry in 2017

Abstract: the eight policies in this paper will include: National V emission standards, Beijing VI fuel standards, in vehicle air quality requirements, carbon quota management of new energy vehicles, new rules for the production and access of new energy vehicles, new rules for the power battery industry, new policies for new energy vehicle subsidies, and requirements for the Chinese share ratio of joint venture vehicle enterprises

in the blink of an eye, what new policies will be implemented for the automotive industry in 2017? This will not only affect the development of automobile production enterprises, but also have many benefits for ordinary consumers

policy 1: the national V emission standard will be implemented nationwide from January 1, 2017

from January 1, 2017, the national V emission standard will be fully implemented nationwide. All light gasoline vehicles and heavy diesel vehicles (passenger cars and public transportation, sanitation, postal purposes) manufactured, imported, sold and registered must meet the requirements of the national V standard; At the same time, the vehicle fuel will also be upgraded. 93#, 97# gasoline will be completely replaced by 92#, 95# gasoline, and 93#, 97# gasoline will go down in history

in fact, as early as April 1st, 2016, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Hebei Province, Liaoning Province, Jiangsu Province, Zhejiang Province, Fujian Province, Shandong Province, Guangdong Province and Hainan Province have begun to implement the national V emission standard. From January 1st, 2017, the national V emission standard will be implemented in other provinces and cities across the country

interpretation: National V is the "national fifth stage motor vehicle pollutant emission standard", which requires that the particulate emission limit is less than 0.0045g/km (National IV is 0..060g/km). In addition, the content of CO (carbon monoxide), hc+nox (hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides) and other gases in the tail gas is also reduced. Taking Shanghai as an example, based on the total registered volume of 350000 vehicles last year, it is estimated that the annual new vehicles can reduce the annual emission of nitrogen oxides by about 1000 tons

impact: after the implementation of the national V emission standard, new cars can be licensed only if they meet the emission standard. Consumers need to pay attention to this indicator when buying cars. The National IV model cannot be relocated and transferred to other cities, which will affect the residual value and sales of used cars; In addition, the fuel of gas stations will be changed from 93#, 97# to 92#, 95#, and some cities have higher grade 98# fuel. (the fuel tank cap of new cars will generally be marked with the minimum standard of the required fuel grade, and the fuel can be selected according to this standard)

policy 2: Beijing will implement the phase VI vehicle fuel standard from January 1, 2017

on October 31 this year, the Beijing Municipal Environmental Protection Bureau officially issued the local standards of phase VI vehicle gasoline and vehicle diesel, and the new standards will be implemented on January 1, 2017

according to the introduction, it is expected that after the use of phase VI oil products, the emission of particulate matter from gasoline vehicles will decrease by 10%, and the emission reduction rate of non methane organic gases and nitrogen oxides will reach%; The nitrogen oxide of diesel vehicles decreased by 4.6%, the particulate matter decreased by 9.1%, the total hydrocarbon decreased by 8.3%, and the bone of carbon monoxide became loose and decreased by 2.2%

according to the Convention, the natural replacement is implemented in the implementation of the new standard. The replacement period is from January 1st, 2017 to February 28th, 2017. After the replacement period, the Beijing Municipal Department of industry and Commerce will prohibit the production, import and sale of vehicle fuel that does not meet the requirements of the new standard

interpretation: different from the policy I introduced in this article, this policy is a standard restriction on the fuel supply in Beijing, that is, from January 1, 2017, the gasoline filled by car owners in Beijing at gas stations will meet the "Beijing VI" standard. After using the new standard fuel, the "pollutants" harmful to the air in vehicle exhaust will be reduced

impact: according to experts, since the octane number of new fuel has not changed, mainly because the harmful components of olefins and aromatics have been reduced, the oil grade in Beijing will not change. Car owners do not need to clean the fuel tank when refuelling, and the new oil will not have a significant impact on vehicle fuel consumption

policy III: mandatory compliance of air quality in vehicles will be implemented from January 1, 2017

according to the draft of mandatory standards for the latest "guidelines for the evaluation of air quality in passenger cars" issued by the Ministry of environmental protection, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene and other harmful substances in the air in vehicles have more stringent limits, and the timetable for mandatory implementation by automobile manufacturers is given: from January 1, 2017, All newly finalized sales vehicles must meet the requirements of this standard; For vehicles that have been finalized before, mandatory standards will be implemented from July 1, 2018

among the pollutants in the vehicle, benzene, toluene, xylene, ethylbenzene, styrene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein and other eight substances are more serious to human body, and the new standard gives clear limits for these harmful substances. In particular, benzene is tightened to 0.06mg/m3 from 0.11mg/m3 of the original standard, toluene is tightened to 1.00mg/m3 from 1.10mg/m3 of the original standard, and xylene and ethylbenzene are tightened to 1.00mg/m3 from 1.50mg/m3 of the original standard

interpretation: the new standard proposes that automobile manufacturing enterprises should ensure that the interior parts of mass-produced vehicles are consistent with the recorded information, otherwise it will be judged as unqualified in the environmental protection consistency inspection. The competent department of the industry can randomly select the vehicles produced in batch on the production line for environmental protection consistency inspection. If the sampled vehicles pass the inspection, it will be judged that the environmental protection consistency inspection is qualified. If any of the eight indicators is found to exceed the standard, it will be judged as unqualified

impact: the new standard is mainly aimed at new cars, and the air quality problems of in use cars. According to the technical experts of domestic car enterprises, windows should be opened frequently for more ventilation. In haze weather, the internal circulation filtration system should be opened, but the air conditioning filter element needs to be replaced regularly. In addition, purification systems such as purifiers and carbon adsorption products purchased through formal channels are also one of the solutions for many car owners

policy 4. Trial Implementation of carbon quota management for new energy vehicles in 2017

the general office of the national development and Reform Commission issued the "measures for the management of carbon quotas for new energy vehicles (Draft for comments)" (hereinafter referred to as the "draft for comments") in August this year, requiring relevant ministries, enterprises and industry associations to give feedback in writing. It is reported that the management measures will be put into trial implementation in 2017 and officially implemented in 2018

according to the exposure draft, the competent carbon trading department of the State Council will set the annual proportion requirements for the production and sales of new energy vehicles and fuel vehicles for fuel vehicle scale enterprises according to the planning objectives, and convert it into the number of new energy 02 and key direction vehicle carbon quotas that enterprises should pay

this policy is formulated for two reasons. On the one hand, with the continuous growth of the production and sales of new energy vehicles, large-scale fiscal and tax subsidies are unsustainable; On the one hand, the structural overcapacity of fuel vehicles has begun to highlight. The enterprises that are mainly targeted are those that produce and import fuel vehicles of a certain scale, and those that do not produce and sell fuel vehicles of a certain scale, but have a certain number of new energy vehicles, and are voluntarily included in the management, can also be implemented in accordance with this management method

the new energy vehicles referred to in the management measures mainly include pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles and fuel cell vehicles that meet relevant national or industrial standards such as gb/t19596, gb/t24548 and qc/t837. This management method draws on the ZEV policy of California in the United States and combines the existing fuel consumption management policy of fuel vehicles in China to manage the carbon emission of vehicles

interpretation: "carbon quota of new energy vehicles" refers to the carbon dioxide emissions reduced by new energy vehicles produced and imported by automobile enterprises relative to fuel vehicles in the process of use. Enterprises can produce and import new energy vehicles to generate new energy vehicle carbon quotas or obtain new energy vehicle carbon quotas from carbon emission market transactions

the carbon quota of new energy vehicles can also be traded in the market, but as an independent trading product, the carbon quota of new energy vehicles will be managed separately in the trading system, and the trading subject will be limited to the specified scope to avoid crossing with other quota transactions

impact: the exposure draft proposes that if fuel vehicle scale enterprises and new energy vehicle scale enterprises fail to submit the annual new energy vehicle carbon quota report as required, the carbon trading department of the State Council shall order them to make corrections within a time limit. If they fail to make corrections within the time limit, the competent carbon trading department of the State Council together with relevant departments shall impose a fine of not less than 100000 yuan but not more than 1million yuan

in terms of performance, fuel vehicle scale enterprises should submit no less than their new energy vehicle carbon quotas payable in the previous year to the competent carbon trading department of the State Council every year, and fulfill the obligation of quota clearing in the previous year. If they fail to fulfill the quota within the time limit, they will be fined times the average market price of the quota on the day before the deadline for clearing

policy v. the access rules for new energy vehicle manufacturers are expected to be officially implemented in 2017.

the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the management rules for new energy vehicle manufacturers and product access (revised exposure draft) in August this year. According to industry insiders, the new regulations are expected to be officially implemented in 2017

for the production enterprises applying for new energy vehicles, the revised exposure draft requires that they should have the necessary design and development capabilities, production capabilities, product production consistency assurance capabilities, after-sales service and product safety assurance capabilities for the production of new energy vehicles, and meet the "new energy vehicle production enterprise access conditions and review requirements". According to the requirements, there will be 17 specific terms in the review conditions, of which 8 are veto terms. As long as more than 2 fail to meet the standard, the enterprise will not be admitted

interpretation: Xinhua News Agency reported that the "revised exposure draft" redefined the scope of new energy vehicles, raised the threshold of enterprise access, and strengthened product safety monitoring. According to the draft, the Ministry of industry and information technology will adjust the scope of new energy vehicles to pure electric vehicles, plug-in hybrid vehicles and fuel cell electric vehicles

in terms of enterprise access, the requirement that enterprises should master one of the three "core technologies" of on-board energy, drive system and control system is cancelled, and it is adjusted to have the development ability of control system, as well as the integration and matching ability of on-board energy and drive system, and the requirements are correspondingly increased or improved in terms of design, simulation, experimental verification, etc

in addition, the exposure draft also strengthened the safety monitoring of new energy vehicle products and increased the requirements for real-time monitoring of the operation and safety status of all sold new energy vehicles throughout their life cycle

impact: at present, BAIC new energy, Wulong Changjiang EV, future automobile, Chery new energy and Min'an electric vehicle under great wall Huaguan have obtained the production qualification of new energy vehicles. Industry experts predict that after the implementation of the new access rules, it is expected that about 10 new new energy vehicle enterprises will meet the conditions within two years, and there will be no new refitting manufacturers of self-made chassis. At the same time, it is estimated that in two years, about 2/3 of the existing 119 vehicle enterprises can meet the conditions; There are 85 self-made chassis modification enterprises, about 1/10 of which can meet the conditions

policy VI. the new specifications of the battery industry are expected to be fully implemented in 2017

in November this year, the Ministry of industry and information technology issued the conditions for the non verticality of the automotive power battery industry regulations not greater than 0.3/1000 (2017) (Draft for comments), which adjusted and improved the specifications of the automotive power battery industry issued and implemented in 2015 mainly from the aspects of production capacity, safety requirements, research and development capacity, recycling and other aspects. The Ministry of industry and information technology will release it as soon as possible in combination with the feedback and suggestions from all sectors of society

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